Short BIO

Faizel Ismail has served as the Ambassador Permanent Representative of South Africa to the WTO (2010-2014).

He has a Masters in Philosophy degree in Development Studies from the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, United Kingdom. He also holds an LLB and a BA degree from the University of Kwa-Zulu Natal, in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.

He led the new democratic South Africa’s trade negotiations with the European Union, Southern African Development Community, Southern African Customs Union and several other bilateral trading partners including the US, India, and Mercusor since 1994.

He has led South Africa’s negotiations in the WTO since 2002 and has served as the Chair of the WTO negotiating group (CTDSS) for two years (2004-2006), the Chair of the WTO Committee on Trade and Development (CTD) regular body for one year (2006/7) and the Chair of the WTO Committee on Trade, Debt and Finance (WGTDF) for two years (2012-2014).

He is the author of two books on the WTO: Mainstreaming Development in the WTO. Developing Countries in the Doha Round (CUTS International, and Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, 2007) and Reforming the World Trade Organization. Developing Countries in the Doha Round (CUTS International, and Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, 2009). The latter book has been translated into Chinese and published by the Shanghai WTO Affairs Consultation Centre and the Shanghai People’s Publishing House (2011). He has published numerous articles in international journals and books on economic development and trade and development issues.

He is an Associate Editor, of the Journal of World Trade; an Advisor to the BRICS Trade and Economic Research Network based at the Shanghai WTO Affairs Consultation Centre, Shanghai, China; Senior Research Associate, Centre for Rising Powers, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom; Senior Research Associate, Brooks World Poverty Institute, University of Manchester, United Kingdom; a member of the Partnership Council of the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN), Geneva, Switzerland, and a member of the Practitioner’s Advisory Board of the Journal of Global Policy (LSE).

Experience

June 2002

June 2014

South Africa’s senior trade negotiator and diplomat to the World Trade Organization

Ambassador

Permanent Representative of South Africa to the WTO, Geneva, from May 2010 until June 2014.

Head

of the South African Delegation to the World Trade Organization Geneva (from April 2002).

Chair

of the Working Group on Trade Debt and Finance (WGTDF) in the WTO since September 2012 and re-appointed for period 2013-2014.

Chair

of the Annual General Meeting of the International Trade Centre (ITC), 2003-2004

Discussant

on the following WTO Trade Policy Reviews:

  • Bangladesh Trade Policy Review, 15-17th October, 2012
  • Nigeria Trade Policy Review, 28th -30th June, 2012
  • Switzerland and Liechtenstein Trade Policy Review, 15-17 December 2008
  • East African Community (Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda) Trade Policy Review, 25th October 2006
  • European Union Trade Policy Review, WTO, June 2002.

May 1996

March 2002

South Africa’s chief trade negotiator and head of export and investment promotion at the department of trade and industry

Deputy Director General

for International Trade and Economic Development, Department of Trade and Industry: South Africa (January 2000 to March 2002).

Chief Director

Export and Investment Promotion, Department of Trade and Industry, South Africa (January 1998 to December 1999).

Chief Director

International Trade, Department of Trade and Industry, South Africa (August 1995 to December 1997).

Advisor

to the Minister of Trade and Industry, South Africa (May 1994 to August 1995). Employed by GTZ and seconded to work for Minister Trevor Manuel.

Chief Negotiator

for South Africa in the following negotiations: WTO, South Africa-EU Free Trade Agreement, South Africa-Southern African Customs Union, South Africa-Southern African Free Trade Agreement, South Africa-Mercusor Trade Agreement, South Africa-India Trade Agreement.

Led

South African Senior official delegations for bilateral negotiations with a number of countries including: South Africa-USA, South Africa-EU, South Africa-France, South Africa-Germany, South Africa-China, South Africa-Taiwan, etc.

Coordinator

of the South African Substance Team responsible for hosting UNCTAD IX, held in South Africa – May 1996.

Chair

of South Africa’s investment promotion agency - Investment South Africa (ISA) and led the restructuring of the new democratic South Africa’s Export Promotion Division and Export Councils.

Co-ordinated

negotiations with NEDLAC (National Economic, Development and Labour Council) for the South African Government on numerous trade and trade related issues (e.g., the social clause).

January 1986

June 2014

Senior Researcher on Trade and Political Economy issues and affiliation with Universities and NGOs

Associate Editor

Journal of World Trade.

Member

of Global Policy Practioners’ Advisory Board, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE).

Advisor

BRICS – Trade and Economic Research Network, Shanghai WTO Affairs Consultation Centre, Shanghai, China.

Senior Research Associate

Centre for Rising Powers, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Senior Research Associate

Brooks World Poverty Institute, University of Manchester, United Kingdom.

Member

of the Partnership Council of the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN), Geneva, Switzerland.

Co-founder

and Member of the Board of the Trade and Industrial Policy Secretariat (TIPS) until 2001.

Co-founder

and Co-ordinator of the Labour and Economic Research Project (LERP) – 1986 to 1990.

January 1978

June 1990

Anti-Apartheid Activist and Trade Unionist

President

of the Black Students Society, University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa (1978-1980).

Activist

and co-ordinator of the United Democratic Front (UDF), and the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in the Kwa-Zulu Natal Midlands Region, South Africa.

Chaired

and participated in various community organization boards, including the Bombay Heights Residents Association, Pietermaritzburg Ratepayers Association, Pietermaritzburg Child Welfare Association.

Legal Advisor

to the Council of South African Trade Unions (CUSA), Pietermaritzburg, South Africa (January 1985 to December 1985).

Education

Manchester University
2012

Registered for Ph.D (Politics)

Topic: “Apartheid South Africa in the GATT: 1947 to 1994”.

University of Sussex
1992

MPhil in Development Studies

Institute of Development Studies (IDS).

Univ. of KwaZulu-Natal
1985

LLB

Bachelor of Arts in Politics and Economic History and Bachelor of Law

Univ. of KwaZulu-Natal
1981

BA

Photos

Books

Publications

Chapters in Books

Ismail, F., 2014. “20 years of Democratic South Africa’s role in the Multilateral Trading System” in 20 years” in Adbajo and Virk (eds.) Post-Apartheid South Africa’s Foreign Policy after Two Decades Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, South Africa (forthcoming).

Ismail, F., and Vickers, B. 2013. “Reflections on a new Democratic South Africa’s role in the Multilateral Trading System” in James Scott and Rorden Wilkinson (eds.), Trade, Poverty, Development: Getting beyond the WTO’s Doha Deadlock, (London: Routledge, 2012).

Ismail, F., 2012. “Developing Country Coalitions in the WTO Doha Round: The NAMA 11”, in Mehta, P., Kaushik, A.,and Kaukab, R. Reflections from the Frontline.Developing Country Negotiators in the WTO (CUTS International, and Academic Foundation, New Delhi, 2012).

Ismail, F., 2011. “China’s Rise – Opportunities and Challenges for Africa”, in, Melendez-Ortiz, R., Bellman, C., and Cheng, S., (ed) A Decade in the WTO. Implications for China and Global Trade Governance (International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, Geneva, Switzerland, 2011, e-book).

Ismail, F., and Vickers, B. 2011. “Towards fair and inclusive decision-making in WTO negotiations”, in (ed) Birkbeck, C.D., Making Global Trade Governance Work for Development, Perspectives and Priorities from Developing Countries (Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom, 2011)

Ismail, F. 2011. “Re-discovering the Role of Developing Countries in the GATT”, in (ed) Lee, Y.S., Horlick, G.N., Choi, W.M., Broude, T., Law and Development Perspectives on International Trade Law (The Law and Development Institute, Cambridge University Press, 2011, New York, USA).

Ismail, F. 2010. “Misconceptions about the WTO, Trade, Development and Aid”, in (ed) Lehmann, J.P and Lehmann, F. Peace and Prosperity through Global Trade. Achieving the 2019 Vision (Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom 2010).

Ismail, F. 2009. “Reflections on the WTO July 2008 Collapse. Lessons for Developing Country Coalitions”, in (ed) Narlikar, A., and Vickers, B., Leadership and Change in the Multilateral Trading System, (University of Cambridge, UK and Institute for Global Dialogue, South Africa, Republic of Letters Publishing, 2009).

Ismail, F. 2008. “Aid for Trade. An Essential Component of the Multilateral Trading System and WTO Doha Development Agenda” in Njinkeu, D. and Cameron, H. (ed)Aid for Trade and Development. (Cambridge University Press, USA.).

Ismail, F. 2008. “A Development Perspective on the 6th WTO Hong Kong Ministerial Conference” in Hohmann, H. (ed) Agreeing and Implementing the Doha Round of the World Trade Organization. (Cambridge University Press, UK.).

Ismail, F. 2007. “One year since the WTO Hong Kong Ministerial Conference. Developing Countries reclaim the development content of the WTO Doha Round” in Lee, Y.S. (ed) Economic Development Through World Trade: A Developing World Perspective (Kluwer Law International, The Netherlands.)

Ismail, F. 2005. “A Development Perspective on the WTO July 2004 General Council Decision”, in Petersman, Ernst-Ulrich, (ed) Reforming the World Trading System, (Oxford University Press. UK.).

Ismail, F. 2005. “Mainstreaming Economic Development in the Trading System”, in Evenett, S.J., and Hoekman, B.M., (ed) Economic Development and Multilateral Trade Cooperation, (World Bank and Palgrave Macmillan, Washington, DC.). Also published in Turkish in (ed) Akman, M. S. and Yaman, S. Dünya Ticaret Örgütü : Doha Turu çok taraflı ticaret müzakereleri ve Türkiye (Ankara, TEPAV, 2008).

Ismail, F.,1997., “South Africa’s Trade and Investment Policy and its Negotiations with the EU”, in Houghton, R., (ed) Trading on Development. South Africa’s Relations with the European Union, (Foundation for Global Dialogue and Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, 1997).

Journal Articles

Ismail, F. 2012."Reflections on a new Democratic South Africa's role in the Multilateral Trading System", in Journal of Global Policy, Vol. 3, Issue 3, September 2012

Ismail, F. 2012. “Narratives and Myths in the WTO Doha Round. The Way Forward?”, in Political and Economic Weekly, Vol. XLVII No. 31 (August 4th 2012)Ismail, F. 2012. “Is the Doha Round Dead? What is the Way Forward?” in World Economics, Vol.13. No. 3 (July-September 2012), pp.1-26

Ismail, F. 2011. “Developing Countries Create Momentum for Change in the WTO! A response to Wilkinson, R. (2011) ‘Measuring the WTO’s Performance: An Alternative Account”, in Journal of Global Policy, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 43–52.

Ismail, F. 2009. “An assessment of the WTO Doha Round July-December 2008 collapse”, World Trade Review (2009), 8:4, 579-605

Ismail, F. 2009. “The Role of the Chair in the WTO Negotiations from Potsdam Collapse in June to July 2008”, Journal of World Trade, Vol. 43, Issue 6, December 2009.

Ismail, F. 2009. “Reforming the World Trade Organization”, World Economics, Vol. 10, No 4, October-December 2009.

Ismail, F. 2008. “The G20 and the NAMA 11: Perspectives Revisited”, The Indian Journal of International Economic Law, Inaugural Issue: Volume I, Issue 1, 2008.

Ismail, F. 2008. “Rediscovering the Role of Developing Countries in GATT before the Doha Round”, The Law and Development Review. Inaugural Issue: Volume 1, Issue 1, 2008.

Ismail, F. 2007. “Aid for Trade. An essential component of the multilateral trading system and WTO Doha development agenda”, World Economics, Vol. 8, No.1, January-March 2007.

Ismail, F. 2006. “From The Hong Kong WTO Ministerial Conference to the Suspension of the Negotiations. Developing Countries Reclaim the Development Content of the WTO Doha Round”, World Economics, Vol. 7, No.3 July- September 2006.

Ismail, F. 2006. “How Can Least-Developed Countries and Other Small, Weak and Vulnerable Economies Also Gain from the Doha Development Agenda on the Round to Hong Kong?, Journal of World Trade, Vol. 40, No.1, February 2006.

Ismail, F. 2005. “A Development Perspective on the WTO July 2004 General Council Decision”, Journal of International Economic Law Vol. 8 (2), 377-404.

Ismail, F. 2005. “Mainstreaming Development in the World Trade Organization”, Journal of World Trade, Vol. 39. No.1. February 2005.

Ismail, F. 2005. “Why Should Small Developing Countries Engage in the Global Trading System”, Finance and Development, IMF, Washington, March 2005.

Ismail, F. 2004. “Evaluating the July Package from a Development Perspective”, Economic and Political Weekly, November 20-26 2004. Vol. XXXIX Nos. 46 and 47.

Ismail, F. 2003. “On the Road to Cancun—A Development Perspective on EU Trade Policies and Implications for Central and East European Countries”, Journal of World Investment, Vol. 4, No. 4.

Ismail, F. 2003. “The Doha Declaration on Trips and Public Health and the Negotiations in the WTO on Paragraph 6—Why Pharma Needs to Join the Consensus!”, The Journal of World Intellectual Property, Vol. 6, No. 3.

Ismail F. 1995. “Education and the ability to export manufactures: The relevance to South Africa of the Wood model”, Development Southern Africa, Vol. 12, No.1, February.

Ismail, F. 1994. “Industrial Strategy and Economic Development in South Africa: 1990-1993”, Review of African Political Economy, vol.2, no.59, pp 50-59.

Ismail, F. 1993. “A Contribution to the Debate on Industrial Strategy and Economic Development in South Africa”, in Development Southern Africa, Vol.10. No.4. November 1993.

Working Papers, Policy Briefs, Periodicals and Other Publications on the WTO and the Doha Round

Ismail, F. 2013. “GVCs, Globalization, and the New Trade Policy Narrative” in www.worldwewant2015.org/node/303552

Ismail, F., 2013. “Towards an alternative narrative for the multilateral trading system” in ICTSD Bridges Africa, Vol. 2 No. 2. 15 May 2013. http://ictsd.org/i/competitiveness/163656/

Ismail, F., 2012. “Towards an alternative narrative for the multilateral trading system”, in SouthViews, No.40, 7 November 2012, South Centre, www.southcentre.org See also: www.ourworldisnotforsale.org/.../towards-alternative-narrative-multilater www.facebook.com/permalink.php?id=169277999785392

Ismail, F. 2012, “Is the Doha Round Dead? What is the Way Forward?”, University of Manchester, Brooks World Poverty Institute, Working Papers W 167/2012.Online access: http://www.bwpi.manchester.ac.uk/resources/Working-Papers/wp_16712.html

Ismail, F., 2011, “Reflections on a new democratic South Africa’s role in the Multilateral Trading System”, University of Manchester, Brooks World Poverty Institute, Working Papers, October 2011, Number 158/2011 (Online) http://www.bwpi.manchester.ac.uk/resources/Working-Papers/index.html

Ismail, F., 2011, “Developing Country Coalitions in the WTO Doha Round: The NAMA 11”, CRP Department of International Studies, University of Cambridge, Working Paper Series, Working Paper No 2, May 2011. ISSN 2046-8393 (Online)

Ismail, F. 2010. “A Developing Country Perspective on the Way Forward for the Doha Round”, Bridges, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, Volume 14, No 2, May 2010.

Ismail, F. 2010. “Reforming the World Trade Organization. Developing Countries in the Doha Round”, Policy Brief. CUTS International, Jaipur, India.

Ismail, F., “The Global Economic Crisis, the G-20 Summit and Africa”, Bridges, Year 13, No 2, May-June 2009 www.ictsd.net

Ismail, F. 2008. “Rediscovering the Role of Developing Countries in GATT before the Doha Round”, Discussion Paper. Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS), India.

Ismail, F. 2008. “The G20 and NAMA 11: The Role of Developing Countries in the WTO Doha Round”, Discussion Paper. Global Economic Governance Programme, University College, Oxford. United Kingdom.

Ismail, F., 2007 “Misconceptions and Myths about the WTO, Trade, Development and AID” IDDRI, No. 04/2007, Paris, France.

Ismail, F. 2004. “Evaluating the July Package from a Development Perspective”, BRIDGES, October 2004.

Ismail, F. 2004. “Agricultural Trade Liberalisation and the Poor: A Development Perspective on Cancun”, BRIDGES, Year 8, No.1, January 2004.

Other Research Publications on Trade and Industrial Strategy

Ismail, F. 1994. “US Trade and Investment Policy in the 1990s – South and Southern Africa”, in Trade Monitor, Trade Policy Monitoring Project, University of Cape Town, No. 5, March 1994.

Ismail, F. 1993. “Nicaragua: Dashed dreams and resilient hope”, Democracy in Action. IDASA. Vol. 7. No 6. October 1993.

Ismail, F., and Badat, S. 1993. “Nicaragua: Over the Volcano”, in Work in Progress, WIP 94, December 1993.

Ismail, F. 1993. “Industrial Strategy and Redistribution in South Africa”, published in Spanish, in, South Africa and Nicaragua: The Citizen, Participation in Building New Political, Economic and Security Models, Centro de Estudios Internationales, Nicaragua and published in Japanese, in, South Africa-Japan, Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto, Japan.

Ismail, F. 1993. “An Industrial Strategy for the South African Footwear Subsector”, March 1993. Report submitted to the Industrial Strategy Project (ISP), University of Cape Town, South Africa.

Ismail, F. 1992. “Restructuring in the Global Leather and Shoe filiere: Implications for a Post-Apartheid South Africa?”, MPhil Thesis. September 1992. Institute of Development Studies (IDS), University of Sussex. United Kingdom.

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